The Infection of COVID-19 among Health Care Workers in Dharmais Cancer Hospital

Mutiara Adelina, Fifi Dwijayanti

Abstract


Infectious diseases are one of the biggest threats to humans. Currently, the world is in the outbreak condition causes of the COVID-19 virus which is started from Wuhan, China in December 2019. This disease was spread out rapidly throughout the World and was announced as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020(1). The infected number of SARS-CoV-2 was over 84 million people and caused over 1 million death cases in the worldwide. Indonesia had more than 800.000 infectious cases and 23.000 of death cases with the highest cases in Jakarta (2). This virus can be transmitted by two ways, such as direct contact (cough, sneeze, and droplet inhalation) and contact transmission (contact with oral, nasal, and eye mucous membranes) of person with COVID-19 (3). The current COVID-19 pandemic makes various challenges in prevention and control of infections in hospitals. Health care workers (HCWs) have been providing care to suspected, probable or confirmed COVID-19 patients that make them in high-risk condition. Several study indicated that many HCWs have been infected with SARS-CoV-2 in many hospitals worldwide (4)(5)(6).


References


World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic [Internet]. Coronavirus disease. 2020 [cited 2020 Jun 19]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

Satuan Tugas COVID-19. Data sebaran situasi virus COVID-19 [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 5]. Available from: https://www.covid19.go.id/

Peng X, Xu X, Li Y, et al. Transmission routes of 2019-nCoV and controls in dental practice. Int J Oral Sci. 2020;12(1):1–6.

Xiang YT, Jin Y, Wang Y, et al. Tribute to health workers in China: A group of respectable population during the outbreak of the COVID-19. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1739–40.

Chou R, Dana T, Buckley DI, et al. Epidemiology of and risk factors for coronavirus infection in health care workers: a living rapid review. Ann Intern Med. 2020;173(2):120–36.

Çelebi G, Pişkin N, Çelik Bekleviç A, Altunay Y, et al. Specific risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 transmission among health care workers in a university hospital. Am J Infect Control. 2020;48(10):1225–30.

Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, Zhu F, Liu X, Zhang J, et al. Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA - J Am Med Assoc. 2020;323(11):1061–9.

Bergh MFQK, Suzan, Bentvelsen, et al. SARS-CoV-2 infection in 86 healthcare workers in two Dutch hospitals in March [Preprint]. 2020 [cited 2020 Jan 10]: [16 p.]. Available form: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.23.20041913v3

International Council Of Nurses. International Council of Nurses 2020: High proportion of healthcare workers with COVID19 [Internet]. Italy: International Council Of Nurses. 2020 [cited 2021 Feb 20]. Available form: https://www.icn.ch/sites/default/files/inline-files/PR_09_COVID-19%20-%20Italy.pdf

McMichael TM, Currie DW, Clark S, et al. Epidemiology of Covid-19 in a long-term care facility in King County, Washington. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(21):2005–11.

Mhango M, Dzobo M, Chitungo I, Dzinamarira T. COVID-19 risk factors among health workers: a rapid review. Saf Health Work. 2020;11(3):262–5.

Liu M, He P, Liu HG, et al. Clinical characteristics of 30 medical workers infected with new coronavirus pneumonia. Eur PMC. 2020;43(0):16-22.

Ran L, Chen X, Wang Y, et al. Risk factors of healthcare workers with coronavirus disease 2019: a retrospective cohort study in a designated hospital of Wuhan in China. Clin Infect Dis. 2020;71(16):2218–21.

Schwartz J, King CC, Yen MY. Protecting healthcare workers during the coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) outbreak: Lessons from Taiwan’s severe acute respiratory syndrome response. Clin Infect Dis. 2020;71(15):858–60.

Romano MR, Montericcio A, Montalbano C, et al. Facing COVID-19 in Ophthalmology Department. Curr Eye Res. 2020;45(6):653–8.

Barrett ES, Horton DB, Roy J, Gennaro ML, Brooks A, Tischfield J, et al. Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in previously undiagnosed health care workers in New Jersey, at the onset of the U.S. COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Infect Dis. 2020;20(1):20-7.

World Health Organization. WHO guideline on health policy and system support to optimize community health worker programmes [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018 [cited 2021 Feb 19]. [21–24 p.]. Available from:http://library1.nida.ac.th/termpaper6/sd/2554/19755.pdf

Kesehatan K. Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Corona Virus deases (Covid-19). Kementrian Kesehat [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Feb 19]. [178p.]. Available from: https://covid19.go.id/storage/app/media/Protokol/REV-05_Pedoman_P2_COVID-19_13_Juli_2020.pdf


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.33371/ijoc.v15i1.823

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 27 times
PDF - 22 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Indonesian Journal of Cancer

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.